Peru is a country in South America known for its rich culture, fascinating history and stunning natural scenery. Peruvian culture is a blend of indigenous, European, and African influences, resulting in a unique and vibrant society. The country has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Inca Empire. The Spanish conquered Peru in the 16th century and left their mark on the culture and architecture of this country, which is still evident today.
Peru has a population of approximately 32 million people and an area of 1,285,216 square kilometers. The capital of this country is Lima with more than 10 million people. This country is located in the west of the South American continent and next to the Pacific Ocean. The territory of Peru borders with the countries of Ecuador and Colombia from the north, Brazil and Bolivia from the east, and finally Chile and Bolivia from the south.
The Andes Mountains stretch from the north to the south of Peru and divide the country into three parts: one is a mountain region with sunny, high valleys and peaks over 6,000 meters high. The second region is a narrow desert region between the mountains and the Pacific Ocean. The third region is located in the east of the mountainous region and is a humid and very hot region.
Peru is one of the three Latin American countries with the largest Indian population; Indians make up about 45% of the total population of Peru. Nationally, hybrids make up the second largest segment of the population at about 37% of the total. This term basically refers to a people composed of European and Indian descendants. The Peruvian language is Spanish. Of course, some native Indian languages are also spoken in this country.
Peru’s climate varies greatly by region and has three distinct zones: coastal, mountainous, and forested. The coastal region has a dry desert climate, while the highlands have a cool and temperate climate. The forest area has a tropical climate, with high humidity and rainfall.
The Atacama Desert, the driest place on the planet and a part of the Amazon rainforest is located in this country, which is interesting in its own way.
The main rivers of Peru include the Ocayali, the Marañón River, the Amazon River, (the confluence of the Marañón and Ocayali Rivers), the Putomayo, the Pastaza, the Napo River, the Jurua, and the Puros.
Peru has many tourist attractions, from ancient ruins to stunning natural wonders.
This ancient Inca citadel is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Peru, located in the Andes Mountains. Visitors can take the train or walk the Inca Trail to reach this ancient citadel.
Getting here takes time and planning. To travel by train, you will first go from Cusco, Urubamba or Ollantaytambo to the small village of Aguas Calientes. Then from there you will go to Machu Picchu by bus.
For adventurous people who have mountaineering experience, the 42 km hiking route to Machu Picchu will be more attractive.
This high lake is located on the border of Peru and Bolivia and is the largest lake in South America.
White City (Arquipa)
Arequipa is one of the most beautiful cities in South America. Arequipa is nestled among snow-capped mountains and is a cozy place to stay for a day or two. A volcanic stone was used in the construction of the houses of this city. This stone appears white when exposed to direct sunlight. This is the reason for the nickname of this city.
Located in the Nazca Desert, these mysterious geoglyphs are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and have puzzled scientists and visitors for decades. These amazing and gigantic lines designed in the form of animals and insects can only be seen from a very high altitude.
Huacachina is a small town around a small natural lake and surrounded by sand dunes. Once upon a time, this area was considered a place for Peru’s elite to have fun, but today it is a popular tourist attraction that attracts many tourists from all over the world.
Manu National Park
This large national park, located in the Amazon basin, is one of the best places in South America to see different species of animals in the wild. If you have the opportunity to make a one-week trip to this region of Peru, you will encounter strange, unknown and very beautiful species of birds, mammals and all kinds of monkeys, which is certainly very enjoyable. The best time to visit Manu National Park is during the dry season between June and November.
This fabulous canyon is located in southern Peru and is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States. Adventurous visitors can trek down the valley and see its amazing wildlife and nature.
The coastal city of Máncora is located on the northern coast. This small town is home to Peru’s best sandy beach for miles along the Pacific Ocean. There are also numerous beach resorts, luxury restaurants and nightclubs throughout this small town. This city is a great destination for young people and lovers of surfing.
The capital of Peru is a vibrant destination with a rich history and culture. Tourists in Lima can see Spanish colonial architecture, visit numerous museums and galleries, and try Peru’s world-famous cuisine.
Plaza de Armas Square
The Plaza de Armas, also known as the Mayor’s Square, is the birthplace of the city of Lima and also the central core of the city.
One of the areas left by the Incas is called Moray, which is actually a terraced land dug in a circle. The most mysterious thing about these circles is that each of them has different weather conditions than others! So that the temperature difference of the highest circle to the lowest circle is about 15 degrees Celsius!
Temple of the Sun
The Temple of the Sun is built on a granite rock with a semi-circular structure. Since this temple is located below the main site of Machu Picchu, many tourists forget its existence.
Peru is one of the amazing destinations in South America. If you are looking for useful and practical information as well as unique experiences from this beautiful country, go with Benjamin Marko’s site. We have collected on this site what you need to travel to this country. Benyamin Marco website is your best guide for traveling anywhere in the world.