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Things to do in Helsinki
Helsinki is the capital city of Finland and is located on the southern coast of the country, facing the Gulf of Finland. The city is known for its beautiful architecture, rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning natural surroundings. Helsinki is also the largest city in Finland and is home to a population of over 650,000 people. In the following essay, we will explore some of the top things to do in Helsinki, including popular tourist attractions, museums, activities, and day trips.
A. Brief History of Helsinki
Helsinki was founded in 1550 by the Swedish king Gustav Vasa, and it became the capital of Finland in 1812 when the country was under Russian rule. During the 19th century, Helsinki experienced a period of rapid growth and development, and many of the city’s most iconic buildings were constructed during this time, such as the Helsinki Cathedral and the National Museum of Finland. In 1917, Finland gained independence from Russia, and Helsinki became the capital of an independent Finnish state.
B. Location and Climate
Helsinki is located in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, which is part of the Baltic Sea. The city is situated at the same latitude as St. Petersburg and is known for its long, bright summer days and dark, snowy winters. The average temperature during the summer months is around 20°C, while winter temperatures can drop to as low as -20°C.
C. Reasons to Visit Helsinki
Helsinki is an enthralling and beautiful city that offers visitors a wide range of experiences and attractions. Whether you are interested in history, culture, food, or the outdoors, there is something for everyone in Helsinki. Some of the top reasons to visit Helsinki include its splendid architecture, vibrant culture, excellent museums, beautiful parks and natural areas, and unique Finnish experiences, such as the sauna.
II. Top Tourist Attractions
Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular tourist attraction in Helsinki. It is a sea fortress built on a group of islands just off the coast of This city, and it has a rich history dating back to the 18th century. Visitors can explore the fortress and its museums, enjoy spectacular views of the sea and the city, and learn about the history and culture of Finland.
B. Helsinki Cathedral
The Helsinki Cathedral is one of the most iconic buildings in this city, and it is located in the city’s central square, Senate Square. The cathedral was built in the early 19th century and is known for its lovely neoclassical architecture and spectacular interior. Visitors can explore the cathedral and its crypt, climb to the top of the dome for panoramic views of the city, and attend concerts and events held in the cathedral throughout the year.
C. Sibelius Monument
The Sibelius Monument is a unique and interesting attraction in Helsinki that honors the famous Finnish composer, Jean Sibelius. The monument is located in Sibelius Park and consists of over 600 stainless steel tubes that create a nice abstract sculpture. Visitors can walk around and through the sculpture, listen to music by Sibelius, and enjoy the peaceful surroundings of the park.
D. Market Square
The Market Square is a bustling and vibrant place in Helsinki that offers visitors a chance to sample local food, drinks, and crafts. The square is located in the heart of the city and is surrounded by historic buildings and amazing sea views. Visitors can try Finnish specialties like reindeer meat, salmon soup, and cloudberry jam, and browse through stalls selling local handicrafts and souvenirs.
E. Temppeliaukio Church
The Temppeliaukio Church, also known as the Rock Church, is a unique and impressive attraction in Helsinki. The church is built into a solid rock formation and has a fabulous copper roof that lets in natural light. Visitors can attend services or concerts held in the church, or simply enjoy the peaceful and serene atmosphere of the space.
A. Ateneum Art Museum
The Ateneum Art Museum is one of the most important art museums in Finland and is located in the heart of the city. The museum has a vast collection of Finnish art, including works by famous artists like Akseli Gallen-Kallela and Helene Schjerfbeck, as well as international works from the likes of Vincent van Gogh and Edvard Munch.
B. Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art
The Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art is a unique and charming museum that showcases contemporary art from Finland and around the world. The museum has a diverse collection of works, including paintings, sculptures, installations, and multimedia pieces, and hosts temporary exhibitions and events throughout the year.
C. National Museum of Finland
The National Museum of Finland is a captivating and informative museum that showcases the history and culture of Finland. The museum has a vast collection of artifacts and exhibits, including prehistoric artifacts, medieval objects, and items from Finland’s recent history. Visitors can learn about Finnish traditions, customs, and way of life, and gain a deeper understanding of the country’s past and present.
D. Design Museum
The Design Museum is a unique and interesting museum showcasing Finnish design’s history and development. The museum has a collection of over 75,000 objects, including furniture, textiles, ceramics, glassware, and fashion, and hosts temporary exhibitions and events throughout the year. Visitors can learn about the role of design in Finnish society and gain an appreciation for the beauty and functionality of Finnish design.
IV. Activities to Do
A. Sauna Experience
Sauna is a traditional Finnish experience that is not to be missed when visiting Helsinki. The city has a lot of saunas, both public and private, that offer visitors a chance to relax, unwind, and rejuvenate. Some of the best saunas in Helsinki include Löyly, Kotiharju Sauna, and Sauna Hermanni.
B. Ice Skating
Ice skating is a popular winter activity in Helsinki, and the city has several outdoor rinks that are open to the public. The most popular rinks are located in the center of the city, including the rink in front of the Helsinki Cathedral and the rink in Esplanade Park.
C. Hiking and Biking
Helsinki is surrounded by beautiful natural areas that offer visitors a chance to hike, bike, and explore. Some of the best places to go for outdoor activities include Nuuksio National Park, Haltiala Nature Reserve, and Helsinki Central Park. Visitors can hike through forests, swim in lakes, and cycle along scenic paths.
D. Helsinki Zoo
The Helsinki Zoo is a popular attraction in the city that is home to over 150 animal species from around the world. The zoo is located on an island just a short ferry ride from the city center and has spacious habitats for animals, including bears, lions, and snow leopards. Visitors can also learn about the conservation efforts of the zoo and participate in educational programs.
V. Nightlife in Helsinki
A. Bars and Nightclubs
Helsinki has a vibrant nightlife scene with plenty of bars, clubs, and lounges. Some of the best places to go for a night out include the Kallio district, which has a lot of hip and trendy bars, and the Punavuori district, which is known for its stylish cocktail bars and nightclubs.
B. Live Music Venues
Helsinki has a rich music scene, and visitors can catch live performances at a variety of venues throughout the city. Some of the best places to go for live music include Tavastia Club, which has hosted some of the biggest names in Finnish music, and the legendary Jazz-Espa, which hosts free jazz concerts in the summertime.
C. Theaters and Performance Spaces
Helsinki also has many theaters and performance spaces that offer visitors a chance to see plays, musicals, and other performances. Some of the best theaters in Helsinki include the Helsinki City Theatre, the Finnish National Theatre, and the Alexander Theatre.
All in all, Helsinki is a vibrant and exciting city with plenty of attractions, activities, and experiences to offer visitors. From historic landmarks and museums to outdoor activities and a bustling nightlife scene, there is something for everyone in Helsinki. Whether you’re fascinated by culture, history, nature, or simply having fun, Helsinki is a must-see destination that is sure to leave a lasting impression.