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Attractions of Europe
There are many sights of attractions in Europe. This beautiful continent is one of the most beautiful continents in the world in terms of natural beauty, architecture and tourist attractions.
The list of sights of this continent is very detailed, but if you want to get to know some of the most important sights of the Europe, read this article on Benjamin Marco’s website until the end.
In this article, we are going to introduce the most popular attractions of Europe to the people who are thinking about traveling to this beautiful and dreamy continent.
Colosseum in Italy
If we are going to talk about the most famous attraction in Italy, the Colosseum is undoubtedly the first name that comes to mind. This oval building, also known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is located in the center of Rome and was built during the reign of the three emperors of the Flavian Dynasty. You should also know that the construction of this amphitheater started in 72 AD and the final changes were completed around 96 AD.
The Colosseum was the place for celebrations of the emperor and the people of Rome. During these celebrations, which lasted for 100 days each time, wild animals were killed by slaves and gladiators, or gladiators who were slaves and whose life expectancy barely reached 22 years, were forced to kill each other. The emperor and the people of Rome also witnessed this massacre and enjoyed it. During each period of these celebrations, about 5 thousand slaves and gladiators were killed. On the days when the festival was not held, those sentenced to death were thrown in front of wild animals to be eaten alive.
St. Bede prophesied that: As long as the Colosseum stands, Rome will stand, when the Colosseum falls, Rome will fall, and when Rome falls, the world will fall.
The Eiffel Tower in France
Undoubtedly, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous sights in the world and a cultural symbol of France. The name of this tower is taken from Gustave Eiffel; An engineer whose company undertook the design and construction of this tower between 1887 and 1889. The Eiffel Tower is located in a large green space called Champ de Mars in Paris. This tower is built on three levels and 81 floors, and its restaurants are located on the first and second levels. In addition, Eiffel was the tallest building in Paris and once the tallest building in the world, but in 1930, after the construction of the Chrysler building in New York, it lost this title. It is interesting to know that the Eiffel attracts 6.9 million visitors annually and is therefore the most visited monument in the world.
The height of the Eiffel Tower, taking into account the 24-meter TV antenna above it, is 35 meters and its approximate weight is 7800 tons. 1695 stairs continue to the highest point of the tower, although the stairs to the second floor are closed to visitors. The structure of this structure is open and without middle floors (except two levels). On one side of it is the river Seine and on the other side, of course, a little further away, you can see a domed and golden building called the Leznolide mansion, where Napoleon’s tomb is located.
Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam
Vincent van Gogh is one of the most famous artists who has been studied more than any other artist in the world. The Van Gogh Museum is also almost entirely dedicated to the artist, although it also includes works by his contemporaries in Amsterdam. This museum, which is located in the south of Amsterdam and in a place called Museum Square, houses other museums such as Concertbouw, Rijksmuseum and Stedelijk Museum. The Van Gogh Museum was opened on June 2, 1973. Its building designers are Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho Kurokawa. In 2015, the museum had more than 9 million visits, making it the second most visited museum in the Netherlands and the 31st most visited museum in the world.
The Alps are one of the most important and spectacular natural attractions in Europe and attract millions of tourists every year. These mountain ranges that extend in 8 countries: France, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Germany, Monaco and Austria; They were formed on the tectonic plates of Eurasia and Africa more than ten million years ago. Some of the tallest and most famous peaks in the Alps include Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn.
The Alps provide up to 90% of the water for the lowland area of Europe, especially the dry area during the summer months. Cities like Milan depend on 80% of running water from the Alps.
Sagrada Familia in Spain
If you have the chance to visit Barcelona in Spain, don’t forget to visit the Sagrada Familia. The Sagrada is a half-finished church that overlooks the skyscrapers of Barcelona.
This Catholic church has been under construction since 1882, and considering that the cost of building the Sagrada Familia is provided by public donations and the process of its construction has progressed slowly due to various reasons, including the Spanish military wars; It is expected that its construction will not be finished until 2026.
Paris Louvre museum
The Louvre Museum in Paris is one of the favorite and admired places for lovers of art, history and culture, as well as one of the top tourist attractions in Paris. The Louvre is a historical monument in Paris and the largest art museum in the world. It is no wonder that in 2016 it hosted more than 7.5 million visitors from all over the world and was named the most visited museum in the world. What you should know about the Louvre Museum is that it houses nearly 38,000 works of art from prehistoric times to the present century.
Before the Great French Revolution, the building of this museum was one of the royal palaces where valuable works of art were kept (as the Royal Museum). After the Great Revolution, in 1789, the museum and the existing works were donated to the French people, and in 1793, it became It became the National Museum of France.
Acropolis of Greece
Greece is a country rooted in history and has been the cradle of important historical events. This historical citadel is located just outside of Athens on a rocky hill overlooking the city and contains the ruins of several important ancient buildings that have historical and architectural importance. There is evidence that this place has been inhabited since the 4th millennium BC. The important ruins of this building include Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Temple of Propylaia and Temple of Artemis.
Most of this building was built in the years 461 to 429 BC, during the reign of Pericles and at the same time as the intellectual and artistic flourishing days of Athens, on the limestone part of the throne of Athens. After that and in different periods, some of the Acropolis buildings were transformed into Florentine palaces, Islamic mosques and Turkish shrines. This place has also tasted the bitter taste of war: when British soldiers stationed their weapons among the columns of the Parthenon in 1944. Today, The Great Temple of the Aten has been completely restored with the great efforts of the natural resource’s protection department, and the restoration of the Parthenon and the front gate is in its final stages. Even though the restoration of the Acropolis is almost complete, this ancient city will still bring to life the memory of the gods and myths that were once worshipped.
The leaning tower of Pizza
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most iconic buildings in the world. There is this historical story about Pisa that the mistakes of engineers and architects in the design of the building caused this leaning tower to fall. Almost all those who visit Pisa in Italy like to take their photos right in front of this tower.
From January 7, 1990, tourists were prevented from visiting the Leaning Tower of Pisa due to the increased risk of falling; Because in that year, the Leaning Tower of Pisa deviated even more and reached 4.5 meters and 5.5 degrees. After 12 years and a little straightening of the tower, on December 15, 2001, it was once again open to visit this tower. According to a legend, Galileo Galilei, who was also a Pisan, conducted his experiments on free fall on the upper floors of this tower.
Based on the unreliable statements of Galileo’s secretary Vincenzo Viviani in 1777 (AD), he released 2 bullets of different masses from the top of this tower simultaneously to prove the theory that the speed of falling objects is independent of their mass.
Stonehenge in Wiltshire, UK
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument and one of the strangest attractions in Europe, which is located in the area between Salisbury and Amesbury in Wiltshire, United Kingdom. Stonehenge consists of several standing stone structures, each weighing nearly 25 tons and 3 meters high. Historical evidence suggests that this British cultural symbol was built between 3000 and 2000 BC.
James I, the King of England, who considered himself to be aware of the scientific achievements of the day, ordered the first archaeological excavation in Stonehenge. After visiting Stonehenge in 1620, James tried to buy a plot of land, but the owner refused to sell. George Buckingham, close friend of James’s court, who was himself a treasure seeker, dug a large pit in the middle of Stonehenge by order of James and removed objects that are missing today. The use of Stonehenge has been a point of contention for centuries among archaeologists, antiquarians, architects, poets and scientists, and new ideas are still being presented about it.